Manipal Journal of
Nursing and Health Sciences





Published by Manipal University Press (MUP), Manipal INDIA
Admin Off: Manipal Centre for European Studies (MCES), Behind Post Office, Manipal 576104 India

Title: Manipal Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences
Editor-in-chief: Dr Baby S Nayak
ISSN: 2395-1397
(Indexed in Google Scholar and J-Gate)

Cover page design: Arvind N, Manipal University Press, Manipal

No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without prior permission of the publisher in writing.

        Disclaimer:         Opinions and views expressed in the articles are those of authors and do not 
                                  reflect the idea or opinions of the publisher. The publisher does not take legal 
                                  responsibility for the accuracy of the content, or liability for any errors or omissions. 
                                  The publisher does not endorse or refute opinions, views or suggestions regarding 
                                  matter contained in the journal articles.
        

Printed at Manipal Technologies Ltd, Manipal